View Full Version : Standard cuts for testing a new machine.

21-01-2013, 05:14 PM
Are there standard cuts people use to test the operation and straightness of a newly constructed machine ?

I'm thinking along the lines of:

1) Checking bed is flat and moves to limits correctly - for fixed gantry machines.
2) Checking the X/Y are set up to move equally. eg: cuts a circle not an ellipse.
3) Checking the spindle is vertical in X and Y axes and moves vertically in the Z axis.


Web Goblin
21-01-2013, 08:12 PM
Cut a square and measure the diagonals. Should be equal length. If not then the machines not square.

21-01-2013, 11:42 PM
For best accuracy you should ideally cut a square that's around you travel limits. If you don't have a long digital rule to do that then this method works well:

MechMate CNC Router Forum : <font color="ff0000">&#42;</font> Setting the Y-axis square to the X-axis (http://www.mechmate.com/Forum/messages/9/3316.html)

22-01-2013, 12:30 AM
Hi, a very simple check that I use is to cut two circles of the same diameter, one offset inside the line, the other outside the line. the larger circle should be a perfect fit in the smaller hole, and should fit in any position, but friction will mean it will not rotate too freely. G.

Lee Roberts
22-01-2013, 08:09 PM
Cut a circle, measure it across 5 points :onthego:

22-01-2013, 09:18 PM
An easier way to check how close your X and Y axes are to square is just to drill 3 holes, the same diameter, to make a (should be) right angled triangle. i.e. Holes at (0,0) , (X,0) , (0,Y). You can then measure the 3 lengths and use that to either calculate the angle, or draw a diagram in a cad program and measure it. There are less errors in this method then cutting a shape, in addition to it requiring less material - could even just use the bed if it's MDF.

22-01-2013, 11:57 PM
Ive always drilled 4 holes in a square pattern (utilising your bed size) in 2 plates and put 4 dowls in one half and fit the 2 halfs together... if its fits then thats pretty good going. no milling just drilling.