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View Full Version : FOR SALE: Nema 23 4Nm Stepper Motor



Shinobiwan
05-02-2013, 12:14 AM
As title.

Very little use on a Z axis. Curiosity got the better of me and have just replaced with a closed loop stepper drive and motor combo with an eye to going this route on all axis eventually.

Its an 8 lead 2 phase with a good 25cm left on the leads.

Datasheet and dimension here. http://cnc4you.co.uk/resources/60BYGH401-03.pdf

25 + 4 postage

John S
05-02-2013, 12:47 AM
I'll let someone else have this, got enough !

r0bsk1
05-02-2013, 01:10 AM
Ill take it please.

Jonathan
05-02-2013, 06:05 PM
Looks like I'm too late, but if not then I would like to buy it.

Tenson
05-02-2013, 06:20 PM
Hi Ant, could you share about the 'closed loop' set-up? I guess this is servo? Please post on your Strike thread :)

audioandy
05-02-2013, 09:44 PM
Hi Tenson

Jazz has done a Youtube video showing one working here is the link

Leadshine Closed loop stepper - YouTube (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZMZdCcLQc4M)

Andy

Shinobiwan
05-02-2013, 09:45 PM
Now sold.


Hi Ant, could you share about the 'closed loop' set-up? I guess this is servo? Please post on your Strike thread :)

I'll put a video up next time I cut something along with a pic or two.

Its not servo but closed loop stepper. Basically a stepper with an optical encoder and matching driver. Works quite well but limited speed and torque from this bottom of the range offering. Its only 50v and 2Nm but that's OK for a Z axis. You can get bigger and better versions based on the same tech but I wanted to try it out before committing to that sort of outlay.

New Leadshine 300W 3-phase Hybrid Servo Drives Set HBS57 Drive + 573S09EC Motor | eBay (http://www.ebay.co.uk/itm/New-Leadshine-300W-3-phase-Hybrid-Servo-Drives-Set-HBS57-Drive-573S09EC-Motor-/290756938628?pt=LH_DefaultDomain_0&hash=item43b276cb84)

Jazz covered the same model in this video


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZMZdCcLQc4M

Bigger, badder version here. This one runs upto 100v and 8 or 4Nm depending on the motor model you choose. I'd go with these for the X and Y if you've got a some weight in the gantry and a large cutting area.

Leadshine 300W 3-phase Hybrid Servo Drives Set HBS86H Drive + 86HS80-EC Motor | eBay (http://www.ebay.co.uk/itm/Leadshine-300W-3-phase-Hybrid-Servo-Drives-Set-HBS86H-Drive-86HS80-EC-Motor-/300829789350?pt=LH_DefaultDomain_0&hash=item460ada4ca6)

martin54
06-02-2013, 02:16 AM
That's a big jump in price from the one you bought to the larger motor, can understand why you decided to try a smaller motor first lol. Still the price is still well below what you would pay for a servo set up.

Tenson
06-02-2013, 04:15 PM
Sorry to keep this off topic from the sale, but what is the difference between a servo motor and this? Servo really just means a feedback loop which is what the optical encoder provides. Also is the smoothness Jazz mentioned not simply to do with the motor? I wouldn't think the encoder will be responsible for that.

Jonathan
06-02-2013, 04:25 PM
Sorry to keep this off topic from the sale, but what is the difference between a servo motor and this? Servo really just means a feedback loop which is what the optical encoder provides. Also is the smoothness Jazz mentioned not simply to do with the motor? I wouldn't think the encoder will be responsible for that.

The term 'servo motor' is generally used for DC or brushless DC motors, which tend to have a low pole count compared to a stepper motor, so they are quite different in that respect, however the control systems are similar. The 'smoothness' is greatly dependent on the resolution of the encoder, which is where 'genuine' servo motors are likely to be better since good ones come with much higher resolution encoders - 16-bit and 20-bit are common, compared to only 10-bit (1000ppr) on the stepper motor linked to. To put it simply, with a higher resolution encoder the controller is getting more information about the motor, so is able to compensate for errors, and smaller positional errors.

Gary
06-02-2013, 04:44 PM
The encoder is 1000 line, this is 4000 PPR.
Typical ac servo motors have at least 2500 line encoders and that is 10000 PPR.
While there are incremental encoders with a higher resolution than 2500 line, they are not normally found in the back of an AC servo motors, and if a higher resolution is needed, then you would use a Sine / cosine encoder.
DC brushless servos are normally on the smaller size. (up to about 200W)
DC servo are normally brushed and are a thing of the past, but are still used on some applications.

The term 'servo motor' is generally used for DC or brushless DC motors, which tend to have a low pole count compared to a stepper motor, so they are quite different in that respect, however the control systems are similar. The 'smoothness' is greatly dependent on the resolution of the encoder, which is where 'genuine' servo motors are likely to be better since good ones come with much higher resolution encoders - 16-bit and 20-bit are common, compared to only 10-bit (1000ppr) on the stepper motor linked to. To put it simply, with a higher resolution encoder the controller is getting more information about the motor, so is able to compensate for errors, and smaller positional errors.

Jonathan
06-02-2013, 04:46 PM
The encoder is 1000 line, this is 4000 PPR.

Fair enough, I misread it. Either way it's a big difference.

Tenson
06-02-2013, 05:02 PM
I see, thanks for the explanation.

bikepete
06-02-2013, 05:05 PM
Another difference is that (AFAIK) steppers with encoders are still steppers, so torque drops off fast over a few 100 RPM. Servos (AC at least) tend to go to a few 1000 rpm before torque drops off.

JAZZCNC
06-02-2013, 05:05 PM
Also is the smoothness Jazz mentioned not simply to do with the motor? I wouldn't think the encoder will be responsible for that.

Encoders just give positional feedback and don't really add anything to the smooth action just the positional accuracy. High resolution encoders just gives better accurecy, provided the motor and drive can resolve to that level.
This resolving power is where True servo's are better.! These Hybrid systems still use Steppers and although these are 3 phase and decent quality they are still in principle steppers that spring from one step to the next and it's for this reason they don't put very high Res encoders on them.? . . .It would be pointless because the motors can't resolve that high.

AC or DC Servos don't have this restriction and the drive/motor combination can resolve to much higher degree's. This is also why they tend to spin at least 2x has fast and give linear torque.
They also cost 5 times the price and are 3 times harder to setup and much more touchy regards tuning, which if not setup correct will give much rougher performance than any stepper.!!

The reason these Hybrid motors work so smooth is due to combination of 1.2deg 3 phase motors and Digital drives doing a very good job of controlling current/volts and Micro stepping.
Digital drives alone make for much smoother running motors than analogue anyway so the 1.2deg and 3 phases just add another plus.
The clever bit is the fact the closed loop is done in the drive not the controller which means it doesn't matter if the controller doesn't support closed loop like Mach3 doesn't(yet) you still have a closed loop system for not a lot of money and none of the hassles of PID tuning etc that comes with servos.

gavztheouch
06-02-2013, 09:47 PM
I was tempted to try these out, while investigating the stepper/encoder combo I found a few other options one of which is to use a motion control card like a kflop or galil.

Kflop has its own program like mach3 or you can use the kflop as a plugin within mach3. You still need to add your own encoders, but this gives you options to use linear scales or rotary encoders. Nothing beats a mechnically backlash free and super rigid machine but it would be an amazing breakthrough if systems like these could make up for some of the sloppyness in machine builds.

m_c
07-02-2013, 02:15 PM
A major advantage of servos is they give far better acceleration compared with a stepper.
I looked at the leadshine closed loop system, and it's a very cost effective way to get good reliable positioing, but I've personally put that on hold for other reasons.

And in the encoder count debate, the DMM-tech servos use a 14bit absolute position encoder, and the drive converts it to incremental if you need encoder feedback. However that is the only motor/drive combo I came across in the lower power servos that I looked at, that used an absolute encoder.
I spent a good bit time a couple weeks ago weighing up the options, and am just waiting to sell a few more bits to buy the first of the servos (not from DMM, as similar power servos/drives can be had over here for similar money)