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  1. #271
    Congrats for the promotion.
    The Z axis design looks gooood!!!

  2. Cheers Nick!

    So I fleshed out the design with all the details...

    This is the pulley system. I added a manual knob on top as I do find it quite useful to sometimes be able to manually move up the Z-axis while setting up. I also added proper bearing support so the pulley system is properly supported.





    Better view of the tensioner idler. I had thoughts of more complicated setups, but this is a simple design - simply an oversized centre bore that allows you to push the tensioner into the belt and then fasten down to clamp it in place.




    Moving on, here you can see the seals and the (to be 3d printed) magnet holder on the HD16 ball screw mount






    Got a little time to make a start on things too. So first up was modifying the large pulley... I decided to get rid of the ballscrew nut and just make the pulley into the retaining system.

    First up I centred the pulley in the lathe and drilled a 10mm bore (the size of the ballscrew mounting shaft).



    I then mounted it to a 10mm shaft with loctite to allow me to work on the other side where I needed to open the bore to 11mm to allow me to tap it to m12x1 to match the ballscrew.






    Ideally of course the ballscrew shaft would extend all the way into the counter bearing, but I had already ordered my screws for the old design and I'm not re-ordering a c3 ballscrew! To solve that problem I made a small press-fit extension shaft:



    end result:


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  4. I now just need to machine a slightly longer collar for the FK12 so that the pulley doesn't bind on the housing.

    With that done, I moved on to the motor shaft extension.

    First up, centred the smaller pulley (had to remove the top cap) and bored to 6mm.



    For the shaft I centre drilled first as this is going to be quite long/thin so needs support at the far end from the live centre.




    Turned down to 6mm





    Flipped, re-centred and then did the work on the other end. It's critical that this is a really precise fit on the motor shaft and that it's concentric to the outside as any error will either cause the motor to bind or damage the bearings. To that end I used a 7.8mm drill followed by 8mm h7 reamer and then turned down the external diameter.






    I did all this work and then ended up turning down the external dimension a hair too far, so now it's a loose fit in the bearing. Frustrating doesn't quite cover it! Will have to put this on the re-do list once I get back from holiday.

    While all this was going on, the 3d printer was at work on the seals.



    Who says 3d printers can't be accurate - this was spot on! (I did adjust by 0.8% for thermal expansion before printing)




    The big bottom seal next (6hr print!)






    Very nice fit - smooth and doesn't stick at all along the rails, but close enough that it should keep the nasty stuff out.

    That's all for now. Hope to re-do the shaft extension and get the idler done when I'm back next week.
    Last edited by Zeeflyboy; 1 Week Ago at 01:16 PM.

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  6. #274
    Nice work there well done. Those seals are looking great. The ones you made for me work well and are just tight enough but not too tight. You might have seen in the last video I put out that the steppers have no problem moving the axis so a big thank you for that.

    Missing a critical dimension is annoying. Sometimes I aim a few hundreds of a mm over size, check with the micrometer and use sand paper strips to get it to final size. Takes a while but quicker than starting again if you overshoot

    I assume you didn't fancy slots for the stepper to tension the belt? Also do you have bearings in the top plate for the end of the pulley and the end of the stepper shaft? If so I would make one of them floating in a separate small plate which bolts to the main plate. This will allow both bearings to sit where their respective shafts dictate - otherwise the pockets have to be machined very accurately. Something to think about. Have a good break and don't think about CNC too much.
    Building a CNC machine to make a better one since 2010 . . .
    MK1 (1st photo), MK2, MK3, MK4

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  8. Quote Originally Posted by routercnc View Post
    The ones you made for me work well and are just tight enough but not too tight. You might have seen in the last video I put out that the steppers have no problem moving the axis so a big thank you for that.
    Glad to hear it - haven't caught up on your work for a while actually... need to go see what's happened while i've been gone!

    Missing a critical dimension is annoying. Sometimes I aim a few hundreds of a mm over size, check with the micrometer and use sand paper strips to get it to final size. Takes a while but quicker than starting again if you overshoot
    Thanks - that's what I did this time and it worked well.

    I assume you didn't fancy slots for the stepper to tension the belt? Also do you have bearings in the top plate for the end of the pulley and the end of the stepper shaft? If so I would make one of them floating in a separate small plate which bolts to the main plate. This will allow both bearings to sit where their respective shafts dictate - otherwise the pockets have to be machined very accurately. Something to think about. Have a good break and don't think about CNC too much.
    Cheers for the thoughts. I was originally going to go with slots, but it makes it difficult to use a seperate bearing setup for the stepper motor which I wanted to do for the sake of my motor bearings, and the tensioner has the benefit of engaging more teeth on the small pulley.

    I will think about floating the bearing above the ball screw - that's a good suggestion thanks.


    So I re-made the shaft extension (it worked this time, I won't bore you with pictures as the process was much the same) and also made the knurled knob that allows me to manually move the Z-axis up/down. My thoughts are this is also an easy place to install a brake if the Z-axis proves heavy enough to slide down on it's own.

    So started off by turning the alu stock down to size



    Knurled and parting






    Meanwhile, 3D printed a drill jig to make drilling the retaining grub screw hole easier.






    Pressed into place




    To save damaging the collar (plus it's a pretty small thing to clamp) I then mounted a 6mm rod in the lathe and used that to mount the knob to do the top side operations:




    Final part:






    This is the assembly:


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  10. #276
    You are a bad guy!!! I have lathe envy now!

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  12. #277
    Quote Originally Posted by Nickhofen View Post
    You are a bad guy!!! I have lathe envy now!
    I waited a long time before I bought my lathe as I wasn't sure I'd make good use of it. Now I couldn't be without it! Along side a mill / router, and a pillar drill there isn't much you can't make.

    Zeeflyboy - more great work there with a nice finish to the parts. One thing to bare in mind is adding thumb wheels or other discs adds to the rotational inertia and knocks a bit of performance off the stepper. Not a big deal on yours as the diameter is quite small and for most work the Z is not flying up and down. Just thought I'd mention it in case you were adding some to the X and Y.
    Building a CNC machine to make a better one since 2010 . . .
    MK1 (1st photo), MK2, MK3, MK4

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  14. #278
    Quote Originally Posted by routercnc View Post
    there isn't much you can't make.
    I saw Pacififc Rim the other night and thought one of those 400 foot robots could come in handy for shopping and the like any chance of making me one of them?
    http://www.mycncuk.com/threads/10880...60cm-work-area My first CNC build WIP 120cm*80cm

    If you didn't buy it from China the company you bought it from did ;)

  15. #279
    Lee Roberts's Avatar
    Lives in Wigan, United Kingdom. Current Activity: Viewing Moderator Control Panel Has been a member for 9-10 years. Has a total post count of 2,551. Received thanks 166 times, giving thanks to others 653 times. Made a monetary donation to the upkeep of the community. Referred 10 members to the community.
    Here is an idea for your lathe to-do list's:



    A pen type die grinder or dremel like tool may be less involved for smaller stuff, chuck/collet size being the issue.
    .Me

  16. Oh that's pretty neat! I can add it to the long list of projects lol...

    Enough of this manual lathe nonsense, today I fired up the CNC at last and made the top plate for the new Z-axis.

    First fixture:




    Roughing pass (6mm 3 flute roughing bit, 8mm depth of cut with 1mm axial engagement, 12,000rpm and 1,500mm/min




    Finished top side (3 flute, full depth pass 16mm skimming 0.1mm off each pass with a repeat finish pass, 12,000rpm 1000mm/min and a chamfer pass):




    Then I drilled two holes for 6mm dowels to align with machine axis, and probed for zero:




    Backside ops done:




    Finished part with seals and bearing:

    Last edited by Zeeflyboy; 13 Hours Ago at 10:09 PM.

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