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  1. #1
    Hi

    First post (of many I suspect).

    I am converting an adcock & shipley 1es mill to cnc. I have raised the vertical head, added a dedicated vertical drive motor. Having serviced and set the gib strips I am happy with the machine and its time to look in more detail at the CNC conversion.

    Right now I am favouring Linux CNC with MESA motion control. I feel stepper motors will suit my budget and expectations, combined with ballscrew conversion. Nema 34 for z axis and probably Nema 24 for x/y

    The z axis carries a fair bit of weight, I did some calculations based on 5mm pitch ballscrews and this showed holding torque would be ok using a nema 34 motors. However I am concerned that the axis will back drive when the machine is powered off.

    Anyone had any experience with similar problems

    What kind of holding torque might a stepper give when not powered.

    Regards Bally

  2. #2
    Counter-balance with a gas ram, go for a few kilos less than your weight to avoid backlash and free play issues,

    - Nick
    You think that's too expensive? You're not a Model Engineer are you? :D

  3. #3
    Hi Nick

    Interesting suggestion. Was thinking about counter balance options but gas struts hadn't crossed my mind.

    Better go figure out how much this thing weighs......

    Thanks andy
    ..

  4. Could use a stepper with built in brake

  5. #5
    Hi John.

    Yes fair point. I was also thinking similar lines at one point. An electromagnetic brake certainly seems to resolve the back drive issue but pushes up cost and control complexity. (my budget suits basic range components ;-))

    My other concern is the stepper sees a high load trying to lift the weight of the knee and a much lower load lowering it.
    I am therefore tending toward the counter balance solution as it means the stepper sees more equal loads in both directions. This possibly means a smaller motor, or at least less maximum load on the motor.

    A brake will be plan B if plan A doesn't come off.......may come down to actual weight and stroke details...that's my mission to find out today.

    Cheers for your post....

    andy

  6. Quote Originally Posted by Bally123 View Post
    Hi John.

    An electromagnetic brake certainly seems to resolve the back drive issue but pushes up cost and control complexity.

    andy
    I have Yaskawa sevo's on my mill with built in brake controlled by the driver. I also am building a router at the moment and using a servo with a brake. I also have Vexta stepper motors with built in brake controlled by the driver. They are industrial stuff but can be aquired relatively cheaply with plenty of Ebay searching.

    Gas struts can be quite a good solution, (need to get one with no built in damping ), c/balance weight can be a bit problematic finding room for it to travel in and also control any bouncing with fast movements. Both solutions are IMO second choice solutions.Click image for larger version. 

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    Last edited by johnsattuk; 13-01-2018 at 11:31 AM.

  7. #7
    Hi John

    Thanks for reply and photos, very helpful.

    On closer inspection a gas strut is going to be awkward to mount because of stroke length. Not impossible but a bit of a hassle. I haven't discounted this yet as I like the "assistance" it provides to the motor when lifting the table. Maybe I will end up with both strut and brake working to complement each other.

    In regards to the braked stepper set up I have a couple questions:

    I am interested to know, in terms of , what is relatively "cheap" in your mind? - based for example on the Vexta example you show. - what would you pay?

    Secondly if I sourced stepper and driver without a brake I think I could add a brake set up, I guess I could control the brake either from my motion control board or simply release brake when drives are powered up.

    Got some work to do on slideway, I found some play in the vertical axis that needs sorting first.

    Cheers

    Andy

  8. #8
    Quote Originally Posted by Bally123 View Post
    On closer inspection a gas strut is going to be awkward to mount because of stroke length.
    Post a photo and explain the nature of the problem, there are simple engineering solutions which can place you a mounting point in "thin air" ;-)
    You think that's too expensive? You're not a Model Engineer are you? :D

  9. Quote Originally Posted by Bally123 View Post
    Hi John
    I haven't discounted this yet as I like the "assistance" it provides to the motor when lifting the table. Maybe I will end up with both strut and brake working to complement each other.
    I am interested to know, in terms of , what is relatively "cheap" in your mind? - based for example on the Vexta example you show. - what would you pay?
    Andy
    I do actually have strut and a brake servo on my mill for the same reason.

    Cost of vexta steppers is very variable depending on how long you search for, very round figures 100 each, 5 phase, 500 steps, useful torque to 3000 rpm, direct 230v connection, I believe the steppers run at 162 v

    .Click image for larger version. 

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  10. #10
    Just to be clear thats including the drive and motor in that estimate?

    Cheers andy

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