Thread: How much deflection to expect...
Yep, I know the right answer is zero, but with home-built machines I guess we need to be a little realistic.
I mounted my z-axis yesterday, here it is:
No doubt it'll be on and off a few times more for shimming etc, but while I was at it, I torqued it all up and out of interest measured the deflection at the nose of the spindle with the z near it's downward limit. Pulling hard on the plate that the spindle is mounted to, my dial gauge read 0.05mm. Is that any good?
It's on TBR20 supported rails, how big an improvement would I see with profile rails?
It's a reasonably good starting point, but bear in mind this is only half the story as you need to add to this value the deflection between the bed and frame, for the same force.
If you want a less subjective answer, then measure the force you're applying and divide by the deflection. As a rough guide, if you get at least 1000N/mm stiffness you'll probably be fine for most things, but clearly it depends on what the cutting force and accuracy requirements are.
>And Anygood for what.?
Ah, sorry Jazz, was being a bit vague there - just ballpark any good for cutting alu plate. I'm not too bothered about crazy feed-rates and am happy with smaller step-overs. Reassuring to hear that it's a good starting point!
One more question, the pillow blocks which house the bearings that ride on the rails - they have grub-screws that you can tighten to get a snug fit between the bearings and the rails - how tight do you go with these? Just a nip front and side?
While I'd like to 'precisely' cut ali on this, think more ornamental than super high precision...
You'll be fine with those rails to start with. I'm not saying the rails aren't important, but it's the whole picture not just the rails that affects the overall stiffness and the rest of your design looks pretty strong (as it's a fixed gantry) so you'll get away with it. For example, I cut plenty of aluminium on my machine before changing the Z-axis rails to profile rails and didn't notice much difference from the profile rails as the weakest point lies elsewhere.
You can look at it another way which is if the machine stiffness is 1000N/mm, and you are cutting aluminium (guide figure 50N load), then you would see 0.05mm deflection at the tool (50/1000). This assumes a rigid tool (as your data was from the collet), and ignores resonances which would add slightly to the deflection in a difficult to calculate way.
If you can't be bothered with the maths - I just checked our kitchen scales (the flat digital type) and they go up to 5kg (50N). So if you have something similar handy use them to push against the collet until they read 5kg. If the DTI reads less than 0.05mm you are in business (>1000N/mm).
Last edited by routercnc; 13-01-2014 at 10:06 PM. Reason: additional info . . .
Thanks routercnc, helpful info. I guess I could also hang 5kg's worth of weights off it..?
Anyway, today's progress:
All coming together reasonably well. I must say that I'm blown away by the minute measuring capabilities of some of these gauges. My dad's a retired engineer whose specialism was in measurement, he hasn't seen the machine and is pretty much bemused by what I'm building, heh - I guess you would be if you're used to measuring hydraulic gear to MOD tolerances... He's retired now and has given me a load of his old gauges, one of which is a Mahr with increments of .002mm - it's mad to see those otherwise imperceptible forces at work!
Anyway, one thing I will say at this stage is that the gantries move fairly smoothly without much effort when turning the screws by hand, although pushing the gantries around (back-feeding the screw) takes a fair bit of effort with a bit of binding towards the ends of the screw. I'm not entirely convinced on the quality/consistency of the screws from China. Pretty sure that the z-screw is slightly bent and I've noticed that the x ball-nut is a bit 'clicky'... Not going to get too anxious about it just yet, I'm keen to see how it all runs under power...
I think I overdid it on the thickness of the rubber aprons I'm hoping to fit to shield the running gear. 4mm is WAY too thick. I think 2mm should do it, even then it might run under the gantry, I'll have to experiment. If anyone has a spare bit of 2mm rubber sheet lying about...
More updates as the week progresses...
The Following User Says Thank You to Wal For This Useful Post:
Wal. that really is looking like a nice sturdy little machine, "super job". G
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